Let’s explore the secret of“七选五”（赵冬梅）
class __________ Name ___________ date _____________
My dear friends,
When you face this exercise, do you have the following feelings as me?
1. I can understand the whole passage, but I cannot choose the correct answers.
2. The options(选项) are too similar to choose the correct answers.
3. I usually choose the false one when there are only 2 options left.(宝宝心里苦啊！)
I’m so tired that I don’t think I can do this exercise well again.(累觉不爱).
BUT TODAY ALL THE PROBLEM WILL NOT BE THE PROBLEM, PLEASE FOLLOW ME……
Activity 1 Read for the style and the structure of the passage.
Please choose the correct items to fill in the blanks according to your own ideas.
Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. I can't hear a word! I said angrily. 'It's none of your business,' the young man said rudely. This is a private conversation!'.
Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences. It is putting confidence in someone. That is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.
Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to, misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again. It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.
l Learn to really trust yourself, having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.
l Stop regarding yourself as the victim .If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.
l You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened. instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.
1.Read for the style of the passage.
Passage 1 is ___________________________________________________________.
Passage 2 is ___________________________________________________________.
2. Choose the structure of the passage.
Passage 1 is _______. Passage 2 is _______.
A. B. C.
Activity 1 Guessing.
According to the title “Kids' health: Four steps for fighting stress”, this passage is __________
Activity 2 Figure out the main point of the passage.
Kids' health: Four steps for fighting stress
Everybody gets stressed time to time. 16 Different people feel stress in different ways. Some ways of dealing with stress -like screaming or hitting someone一don't solve much. But other ways, like talking to someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better.
Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed:
(1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to a "trusted adult, such as a parent or other relatives. 17 And don't forget about your friends. They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.
(2) Don't take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that's not a good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don't take it out on yourself. 18 Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation.
(3) Try to solve the problem. After you're calm and you have support from adults and friends, it's time to get down to business. 19 You need to figure out what the problem is. Even if you can't solve it all, you can solve a piece of it.
(4) Be positive. Most stress is temporary(暂时的).Remember stress does go away, especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it.
These steps aren't magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time, you'll help yourself feel better even faster. 20 Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone.
（If you cannot find the answer, please leave it own.）
Activity 3 Please tick(√) the function of the underlined sentences.
Activity 3. Answer and underline the informative sentences to simulate examiner.
1. Can you find out some repeated words after number16?
I am the examiner(please underline the informative sentences): Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends. Do not wait to be spoken to. You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people.
Practice makes perfect: .…On the other hand, the advantages of going overseas may include day-to- day opportunities to learn a new culture, meet new friends with whom you can use and practice the language, and chances to see different parts of the world. ______Those disadvantages include expense, time away from one’s school, family,…
A. The following are its advantages.
B. However, there may be a number of disadvantages.
C. Consider a distance education.
D. Most of us are adapted to studying at school.
2. “Some ways of dealing with stress -like screaming or hitting someone一don't solve (解决) much. But other ways,…”What’s the function of “But”?
I am the examiner(please underline the informative sentences) : Such changes often leave us without a friend. Making new friends comes easy for some people. But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.
Practice makes perfect: Parents should help their children understand money. 71 So you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example.
D. Tell your child why he can—or cannot—have certain things.
E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you.
G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest.
3. What’s the relationship between “Don't take it out on yourself.” and “18 Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation”.
I am the examiner(please underline the informative sentences) : The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. Try not to find fault with your friends. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you.
Practice makes perfect: Surround yourself with happy people. It is easy to begin to think negatively when you are surrounded by people who think that way. ________.
A. There are some tips in life that lead to happiness.
B. Being overweight or not eating nutritious foods can have a negative effect on your mood.
C. On the contrary, if you are around people who are happy, their emotional state will be infectious.
4. (1)_________It is a very happy day for many boys and girls. Before the terms ends in some schools, the children act a nativity（基督诞生）or “birth”play, showing how Jesus was born in a stable(马厩).
A. People are often busy going shopping
B. Now the Chinese people also celebrate Christmas.
C. The turkey or chicken is quickly eaten.
D. Christmas Day falls on the twenty—fifty of December.
(2).…That happens in the 1980s. And, most recently, she says many kinds of people have joined the movement. ________They represent many races, regions and political beliefs.
A. They are mainly rich people
B. Parents choose home—schooling for several reasons.
C. Most often, their parents are their teachers.
D. She says these include rich people and poor people.
小结：What have you learned?
To be the examiner, please underline the informative sentences in the passage 2?
Secret codes (密码)keep messages private. Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.
People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 36 Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.
There are three main types of cryptography. 37 For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”
38 You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message“Meet me”would read“13 5 20 13 5.”
A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 39 For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” 40 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.
A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.
F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.
G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.
Please give the reasons of your choices.
Until relatively recently,the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city.The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago.1. In fact,nearly everyone lived on farms or in tiny rural(乡村的) villages.It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in history—a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living.
Britain was only the beginning.2. The process of urbanization—the migration(迁徙) of people from the countryside to the city—was the result of modernization,which has rapidly transformed how people live and where they live.
In 1900,fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas.Today,over 82% of Americans live in cities.Only about 2% live on farms.3. .
Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized.Even in advanced agricultural societies,it took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people in cities.4. .Until modern times,those living in cities were mainly the ruling elite(精英) and the servants,laborers and professionals who served them.Cities survived by taxing farmers and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city.
Over the past two centuries,the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country.5. .Today,instead of needing ninety-five farmers to feed five city people,one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred non-farmers.
A.That kept cities very small.
B.The rest live in small towns.
C.The effects of urban living on people should be considered.
D.Soon many other industrial nations became urban societies.
E.But even 200 years ago,only a few people could live in cities.
F.Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive.
G.Modern cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings.